سخن روز /
CORC at a Glance
For the Anniversary of Iran Cooperative Day
1397/05/23

CORC at a Glance

For the Anniversary of Iran Cooperative Day

 

Dr. H. Shirzad

Chairman of the Board & Managing Director

 

Introduction :

   Central Organization for Rural Cooperatives of Iran (CORC)  was founded in 1963 to facilitate the development and strengthening of farmer cooperatives. The Articles of Association was then approved by the Parliament.

  A wide range of empowerment, supporting, training and commercial operations were planned and operated to actualize the above mentioned goals. To this end, a network, including 8757 cooperative societies and mutual was developed which enjoys 6746000 members. According to the content of the Articles of Association, CORC is responsible for rural development through agricultural cooperatives.

 

The Prominent Legal background of CORC

§ Act of farmer cooperatives (1948)

§ Act of establishment of CORC (1963)

§ Approval  of the Articles of Association of CORC and further amendment (1967)

§ Approval of the act on establishment of the Cooperative Ministry and Rural Affairs, dissolution of the Ministry of Land Reform and Rural Cooperatives and further amendment  (1970)

§ The  Act of production cooperatives  and further amendments (1981)

§ The Act of establishment of the Ministry of Agriculture-jahad (2000)

§ Approval the Act on policies regarding Article 44 of the Constitutional Law, which climbed the cooperatives share by 25% in the national economy (2008);

Goals:

   Providing the facilities for progressing, extension, strengthening of cooperatives, development of economic, marketing, trade and services of cooperatives in nationwide villages as well as facilitating  of the integrated and sustainable development of rural areas  are among the most strategic goals of CORC .

 

Duties of CORC:

   The core commitment of CORC focuses on reinforcement, supporting and enhancement of rural and agricultural cooperatives network nationwide. To this end, following duties entail supervising, supporting and guiding functions favoring the affiliated network:

 

A)     Guiding

 

§ Training the cooperative principles and administration of rural and agricultural societies and unions.

§ Extension the culture of cooperatives for qualitative and quantitative development of cooperatives

§ Training and educating the human resources for CORC and cooperatives

§ Providing technical service for members, staff and managers of cooperatives.

 

B)     Supporting

 

§  Providing legal, technical, specialized, financial, credit  and marketing  services for agricultural cooperatives at  district, provincial and national levels;

§ Organizing, coordinating, qualifying and improving the level of specialized skills, as well as financial/operational services and management capabilities of rural (production/women)  and agricultural cooperatives;

§  

 

C)     Supervising

 

§ Continuous auditing, stewardship and monitoring of cooperatives and national, provincial and district unions, as well as the executive duties of cooperatives, syndicates, etc.

 

 

Rural and Agricultural  Cooperatives' Network

Activities of the Cooperative Network

1.      Meeting the livelihood and professional needs/inputs of the cooperative members;

2.      Marketing of the members 'production through  development of direct supply centers and local malls;

3.      Collective  use of the owned or leased  farms through establishment of  production complexes;

4.      Development of processing  plants and warehouses for agricultural products;

5.      Holding  local and abroad fairs for presenting, marketing and exporting of agricultural products;

6.      Facilitating and bedding for extension and education of the cooperative members;

7.      Raising funds/credits, contracting and representation of insurance agencies and financial institutions;

8.      Building int'l ties with the global coop bodies according to the set forth law; and

9.      Providing advocacy and technical services for execution of the production projects. 

Status quo of the Network composition

§ 2770 rural cooperatives, 339 unions in districts and provinces with 4,413,000 members;

§ 1352   rural  production cooperatives, 66 unions in districts and provinces with 407,000 members;

§ 2105 agricultural coops, 113 unions in in districts and provinces with 1,780,000 members;

§ 314  rural women cooperatives with 81,000 members.

§ 165  employer/labor associations formed by 54,000 individuals;

§ 12  national unions and 480 unions in districts and provinces;

§ 30  registered agricultural joint stock companies bearing 8100 members;

§ 411  district agriculture guild systems and 32 provincial agriculture guild systems enjoying 1,000,000 members;

§ 320  agribusiness elites associations at district level, 32 provincial focals covering 55,100  beneficiaries; and

§ 241  coordination/advocacy associations at district plus 29 provincial focals composed of 5,380 clienteles.

 

Capacities and Facilities of the Network :

No

Title

Number/Amount

1

Consumer  Shops

2000

2

 Fuel Stores/Stations

7800

3

 Pavilions  for Agricultural Crops

2956

4

 Agro-inputs Supplying Shops

2798

5

 Agro-crops Shopping Centers

2286

6

Agro-crops Supplying Centers

471

7

Capacity of Warehouses (Multifunction and Mechanized) 1000*Tones

2836

8

  Complementary and Processing Plants

558

9

Milk Collection Centers in Rural and Agricultural Cooperatives

389

10

Consulting Service units, plant pathology Clinics, …

178

                       

Main Road Map of CORC:

ü Network empowerment;

ü Diversification of internal economic activities of the Network;

ü Trading and marketing of agriculture products;

ü Providing and distributing inputs;

ü Establishment and development of infrastructural facilities of Network;

 

1. Empowerment  tasks  of the Network

            - Conducting social pathology and making  the cooperatives efficient , proposing  solutions for  removing barriers;

            - Building capacities/capabilities in managerial structure of the Network;

            - Re-organizing and active participation in the  General Assemblies of cooperatives supported by formulation of due rules and instructions;

            - Conducting a census on rural cooperatives’ members;

            - Establishing “Public Service Desk" involved by rural cooperatives;

            - Establishing  product-based and specialized unions;

            - Installing financially integrated software in the Network followed by annual auditing;

            - Pursuing  legal cases in the judiciary courts;

            - Capital Raising Plan (share price evaluation);

            - Re-structuring the affiliate credit units;

            - Absorption of financial facilities from budgetary lines and resources of the banks;

            - Supervising the activities of the guild members by guild systems;

            - Developing and strengthening the internal and external relations to facilitate cooperation amid agricultural guild systems, agriculture sector and other related organizations; and

            - Identification, standardization and coding of 225 professions   in agriculture sector based on the  ISIS system .

 

2. Major Plans and Activities to Strengthen the Network Economic Status

 - Establishing viable markets for agricultural inputs;

- Conducting the Integrated Pest Management Plan;

- Developing and equipping mechanization units;

- Creating technical service units (soil testing, plant pathology, veterinary,…)

- Establishing and developing transportation companies for agricultural inputs and crops;

- Ceding the administrative duties to the Network; and

- Producing safe and organic products.

 

3. Commercial and Marketing Programs

   Central organization for Rural Cooperatives of Iran (CORC) applies its network potentials for marketing of agricultural crops via the following means:

- Direct supplying (retail/wholesale pavilion);

- Creating virtual terminals for transaction of agricultural products;

- Supplying agricultural products through stock exchange market;

- Establishing network relations among national unions and provincial societies for providing needed crops/inputs ;

- Developing agreed transaction mechanism for agriculture crops; and

- Establishing stands for grading, packaging and supplying  of cooperatives’ products.

 

4. Main actions in supplying and distribution of agro-inputs

-  Providing and distributing of all inputs e.g. chemicals, fertilizers , micronutrients, machineries, etc.

5. Infrastructural Agenda

 - Completion of the Supply-Chains (mainly  focused on  packing, sorting, processing and marketing stages) by acquiring adequate investments  of local/foreign resources in agriculture sector;

-  Building more capacities (warehouses, scales, stores,…) for procurement and dispersion of  the Network crops;

-  Creating markets for quarrying and supplying agro-crops and inputs; and   

-  Implementing basic soil-water projects in the sector.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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