According to the vision and mission envisages on the Law of the
foundation, agricultural guild systems are comprehensive, non- political and
non-economic organizations to contribute effectively in rural and agricultural
After ten years, when the guild system has been endeavoring to influence
the agricultural sector in terms of operations and content, the evidence
represents remarkable achievements despite the facing challenges, nationwide.
The preliminary founding Regulation provides a hierarchical top-down
structure that the Central council, General board, Provincial and then County
agricultural guild system stand respectively, however adopting an evolutionary
approach toward the guild system necessitates the whole restructuring with an
effective and intellectual management system to coordinate the state and
Based on the new structure, each county after reaching the quorum of the
members is allowed to have seven "thematic guild union" maximum. The
"chamber of the county guild systems" is the next entity that is
formed to supervise the" thematic guild union" of the respective
county and administrate by a board consisting of the board members of the
affiliated thematic guild union.
"Iran chamber of the agricultural guilds" is the national level
entity that includes the representatives of the county guild system and is
liable for decision making at the macro level. It has an executive board
including six members of the Iran chamber of the agricultural guilds and one
agricultural ministerial elected member as well as a non-state member.
"Supreme supervisory board of Iran agricultural guild system"
at the national level and "supervisory commission of agricultural
guilds" at the district level are the monitoring entities that work
parallel to the executive board.
Having a combination of state and non-state members, these supervisory
bodies play a significant role in proper monitoring and regulating the operation
of agricultural guild system. Nonetheless, the efficiency of them is depended
upon the comprehensive cooperation of the member organizations at all levels.
It is worth mentioning that the membership of the highest authorities in the
supervisory entities authenticates the agricultural guild system and paves the
way for enhanced role-playing in the agricultural section.
The above-mentioned changes would improve the role of the agricultural
guild system if only the content and performance are transformed too.
As the voice of the farmers and agricultural sector, the agricultural
guild system could reflect the agricultural sector if only it covers the three
facets including responsiveness (to be responsible toward liabilities and
assigned duties), claiming (claiming its own rights and determining the
assigned duties of the other entities) and criticism (reviewing the outputs,
strengths and weak points).
It is hoped that the structural transformation of the agricultural guild
system could help to represent, identification and systematizing the farmers in
order to associate effectively in sustainable agricultural and rural development.
*H. Shirzad is the deputy minister of Agriculture-Jahad and
secretary of the supreme supervisory board of the agricultural guild system.